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The Napoleonic Wars 1792-1815

Napoleonic Calendar

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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby FBC-Elvas, Portugal » January 18th, 2014, 8:26 pm

Very pleased to have your contributions again.

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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 19th, 2014, 9:03 am


25th - 31st October



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Actions and Battles
Battle of Arroyo dos Molinos, an allied force under General Rowland Hill trapped and defeated, a French force under General Jean-Baptiste Girard, forcing the latter's dismissal by the Emperor Napoleon. A whole French infantry division and a brigade of cavalry were destroyed as viable fighting formations, 28 Oct 1811.

Battle of Mainz, an Austrian victory under Clerfayt over French forces under François Ignace Schaal, 29 Oct 1795.

Battle of Caldiero (2nd battle), the French Armée d'Italie under Masséna against an Austrian army under the command of Archduke Charles, resulting in a French victory, 30 Oct 1805.

Battle of Hanau, Hesse, a tactical French victory under Napoleon over a Austro-Bavarian force under Wrede, 30/31 Oct 1813.



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Births
William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, British politician, Prime Minister 1806 to 1807 as head of the Ministry of all the Talents, 25 Oct 1759.

Henri-Benjamin Constant de Rebecque, Swiss-born French nobleman, thinker, writer and politician. 25 Oct 1767.

Géraud Christophe Michel Duroc, 1st Duc de Frioul, French general 25 Oct 1772.

Georges Jacques Danton, French Revolutionary leader, 26 Oct 1759.

August von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal, 27 Oct 1760.

André Chénier, French writer, 30 Oct 1762.



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Deaths

Frederick I of Württemberg, 30 Oct 1816.

Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, 'The Sea Wolf', 31 Oct 1860.



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Events
The French Directory, a five-man revolutionary government, is created, 26 Oct 1795.

Treaty of Fontainebleau, an alliance between France and Spain against Portugal, 27 Oct 1807.
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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 19th, 2014, 9:26 am


1st - 7th November



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Actions and Battles
Battle of Vyazma, a Russian victory which occurred at the beginning of Napoleon's retreat from Moscow. In this encounter the rear guard of the Grande Armée was defeated by the Russians commanded by General Mikhail Andreyevich Miloradovich. Although the French repelled Miloradovich's attempt to encircle and destroy the corps of Louis Nicolas Davout, they withdrew in a partial state of disorder after suffering heavy casualties from continued Russian attacks, 3 Nov 1812.

Battle of Jemappes, took place near the town of Jemappes in Hainaut, Belgium, near Mons. General Charles François Dumouriez, in command of the French Revolutionary Army, defeated the greatly outnumbered Austrian army of Field Marshal Duke Albert of Saxe-Teschen and his second-in-command François de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, 6 Nov 1792.

Battle of Lübeck, French under Bernadotte defeat the Prussians under Blucher, who surrendered his remaining forces with the protest, 'I capitulate because I have no bread and no ammunition'. After the battle, the French forces occupied the neutral city of Lübeck, 6/7 Nov 1806.



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Births
Antonio Canova, Italian artist, 1 Nov 1757.

Spencer Perceval, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1 Nov 1762.

Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden, 1 Nov 1778.

Gaspard de Bernard de Marigny, French royalist general and counterrevolutionary, 2 Nov 1754.

Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, 2 Nov 1755.

Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Austrian field marshal, 2 Nov 1766.

Dominique Vandamme, French general 5 Nov 1770.



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Deaths

Alexander Samoylov, Russian general and statesman, 1 Nov 1814.

Olympe de Gouges, French feminist and revolutionary, 3 Nov 1793.



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Events
Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in a disaster, 1 Nov 1790.

Rear-Admiral Sir Home Popham's 'Telegraphic Signals and Marine Vocabulary' is first published. It was adopted by the Admiralty in 1803, 1 Nov 1800.

Treaty of Potsdam, an alliance between Russia and Prussia against France, which Prussia never acted upon and thus did not join the third coalition, 3 Nov 1805.

HMS Pickle arrives in Falmouth, Cornwall with Collingwood's Trafalgar dispatch, with news of the victory over the combined fleets of France and Spain and also the death of Admiral Lord Nelson, Lieutenant Lapenotiere the commander of the ship then makes a dramatic coach journey across Southern England to the Admiralty in London, 4/6 Nov 1805.

The Times announces Dr Herschel's lecture to the Royal Society. 'A paper of singular curiosity, on the power of penetrating into space by telescopes, 5 Nov 1800.
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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 19th, 2014, 9:32 am


8th - 14th November



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Actions and Battles
Battle of Nivelle, after the Allied siege of San Sebastian, Wellington's 80,000 British, Portuguese and Spanish troops were in hot pursuit of Marshal Soult who only had 60,000 men to place in a 20-mile perimeter. After the Light Division, the main British army was ordered to attack and the 3rd Division split Soult's army into two. By 2 o'clock, Soult was in retreat and the British in a strong offensive position. Soult had lost 4,351 men to Wellington's 2,450, 10 Nov 1813.

Battle of Dürenstein, in the Wachau Valley, on the River Danube, an inconclusive engagement between French forces under Mortier and Russian and Austrian forces under Kutazov, 11 Nov 1805.

Battle of Caldiero (1st battle), an Austrian army led by Jozsef Alvinczi inflicted a rare tactical setback on Napoleon and a French army during the War of the First Coalition, This action was part of a campaign which concluded with an Austrian defeat at the Battle of Arcole a few days later, 12 Nov 1796.



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Births
Désirée Clary, Queen of Sweden, one-time fiancée of Napoleon Bonaparte, 8 Nov 1777.

King Charles IV of Spain, 11 Nov 1748.

Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general, 12 Nov 1755.

John Moore, British general, 13 Nov 1761.

Rémi Joseph Isidore Exelmans, 1st Comte Exelmans, French general, 13 Nov 1775.

Stapleton Cotton, 1st Viscount Combermere, British general, 14 Nov 1773.



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Deaths
Jean-Sylvain Bailly, first Mayor of Paris, French astronomer and orator, one of the leaders of the early part of the French Revolution. He was ultimately guillotined during the Reign of Terror, 12 Nov 1793.


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Events
In Paris, the French Revolutionary government opens the Louvre to the public as a museum, 8 Nov 1793.

Napoleon Bonaparte leads the Coup d'état of 18 Brumaire ending the Directory government, and becoming one of its three Consuls, 9/10 Nov 1799.
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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby Josh&Historyland » January 19th, 2014, 2:57 pm

Cracking on with all sail I see sir.

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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 20th, 2014, 7:48 am

15th - 22nd November


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Actions and Battles
Battle of Arcola, a bold manoeuvre by French forces under Napoleon to outflank the Austrian army under József Alvinczi and cut its line of retreat. This French victory occurred during the third Austrian attempt to lift the Siege of Mantua during the French Revolutionary Wars, 15/17 Nov 1796.

Battle of Krasnoi, was a series of skirmishes fought in the final stage of Napoleon's retreat from Moscow. This encounter was noteworthy because of the heavy losses inflicted on the remnants of the Grande Armée by the Russians under Kutuzov. Lacking sufficient artillery, cavalry and supplies to wage battle, Napoleon's object at Krasnoi was to collect his scattered troops and to resume his retreat. Despite the vast superiority of his forces, Kutusov refrained from launching a full-scale offensive during the four days of fighting, 15/18 1812.

Battle of Schöngrabern, near Hollabrunn in Lower Austria, Russian Strategic Victory, French Tactical Victory, between the French under Murat and the Russians under Bagration, fought four weeks after the Battle of Ulm and two weeks before the Battle of Austerlitz, 16 Nov 1805.

Battle of Vertières, the last major battle of the Second War of Haitian Independence, the final part of the Haitian Revolution under François Capois. It was fought between Haitian rebels and French expeditionary forces at Vertières. The Battle of Vertières marked the first time in the history of mankind that a slave army led a successful revolution for their freedom, 18 Nov 1803.

Battle of Ocana, near Madrid, a decisive French victory under Marshal Soult over a Spanish force commanded by Juan Carlos de Aréizaga. The Spanish army which suffered its greatest single defeat in the Peninsular War at this battle lost nearly 19,000 killed, wounded, prisoners and deserters, mostly due to the French use of their cavalry, 19 Nov 1809.



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Births
Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia, younger brother of Napoleon, 15 Nov 1784.

Étienne Jacques Joseph Alexandre MacDonald, 1st duc de Taranto, 17 Nov 1765.

Tippu Sultan, Indian ruler of Kingdom of Mysore, 20 Nov 1750.

Thomas Francis Fremantle, British naval officer, 20 Nov 1765.

Andreas Hofer, Tirolean innkeeper and patriot, 22 Nov 1767.



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Deaths
Antoine Charles Horace Vernet, French painter, 17 Nov 1835.

Wolfe Tone, Irish republican, 19 Nov 1798.



Events

French national convention by the edict of fraternity offers to help people of all nations to overthrow their Kings, 19 Nov 1792.

The Berlin Decree was issued by Napoleon, this decree forbade the import of British goods into European countries allied with or dependent upon France, and installed the Continental System in Europe. It eventually led to economic ruin for France, while little happened to the economy of Britain, 21 Nov 1806.
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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 20th, 2014, 7:53 am


23rd-29th November



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Actions and Battles
Battle of Tudela, 23 Nov 1808.

Battle of Loshnitsa, 23 Nov 1812.

Battle of Loano, 24 Nov 1795.

Battle of Kaiserslautern, 28-30 Nov 1793.

Battle and crossing of the Berezina, 26-28 Nov 1812.



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Births
François-Noël Babeuf, French revolutionary, 23 Nov 1760.

Alexander Suvorov, Russian general, 24 Nov 1729.




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Deaths
Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, 23 Nov 1833.

Nicolas Jean de Soult, 26 Nov 1851.



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Events
Partitions of Poland: Stanislaus August Poniatowski, the last king of independent Poland, is forced to abdicate and is exiled to Russia, 25 Nov 1795.

Napoleon writes to his minister of interior 'I want you to get a song written, to go to the tune of the chant du depart, for the invasion of England', 29 Nov 1803.

Official opening of Thomas Telford's Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, 26 November 1805.

The Portuguese Royal Family leave Lisbon for Brazil, 27 November 1807.

Beethoven Piano Concerto No. 5 in E-flat major, Op. 73, was premiered at the Gewandhaus in Leipzig, 28 Nov 1811.
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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby Mark » January 20th, 2014, 3:17 pm

Thanks for the updates, post captain!

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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 21st, 2014, 7:53 am

30th November - 6th December


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Actions and Battles
Toulon campaign; Disastrous Allied sortie against French batteries; General O'Hara is captured, 30 Nov 1793.

Battle of Somosierra, 30 Nov 1808.

Battle of Austerlitz, 2 Dec 1805.

Battle of Hohenlinden, 3 Dec 1800.



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Births
Juliette Recamier, French Socialite, 4 Dec 1777.

Willem Frederik George Lodewijk van Oranje-Nassau (Prince of Orange) 6 Dec 1792.




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Deaths

Alexander I of Russia, 1 Dec 1825.

Marquis de Sade, 2 Dec 1814.

Robert Banks Jenkinson (2nd Earl of Liverpool) 4 Dec 1828.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 5 Dec 1791.

Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg-Stolberg, German poet, 5 Dec 1819.




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Events

French forces under Junot enter Lisbon, 30 Nov 1807.

Napoleon crowns himself Emperor of the French at Notre Dame, Paris, 2 Dec 1804.

British capture Ile de France, 2 Dec 1810.

Introduction of income tax to finance British war effort, 3 Dec 1798.

The Observer is printed for the first time, Britain’s first Sunday newspaper, 4 Dec 1791.

HMS Victory returning from Gibraltar, stops off at Portsmouth with Admiral Lord Nelson's body onboard, before proceeding to the Nore, 4 Dec 1805.

French forces enter Madrid, 4 Dec 1808.

Capture of Rosas (Catalonia) by Gouvion St-Cyr, 5 Dec 1808.

Napoleon quits the army in Russia, 5 Dec 1812.

Michel Ney tried and condemned for treason, 4/6 Dec 1815.
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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 21st, 2014, 7:58 am

7th-13th December


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Actions and Battles
French retake Guadeloupe, 10 Dec 1794.

Wellington defeats Soult on the Nive, 9/12 Dec 1813.


Battle of Alba de Tormes (Leon), 9/15 Dec 1812.

Action at Palamos (Catalonia) British landing repulsed, 13 Dec 1810.




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Births
Claude Victor-Perrin, duc de Belluno, 7 Dec 1764.

Philibert Serurier, French Marshal, 8 Dec 1742.

Claude Louis Berhollet, French chemist, 9 Dec 1748.

Maria Luisa of Parma, Queen of Spain, 10 Dec 1751.

Robert Surcouf, French corsair, 12 Dec 1773.

Marie Louise of Austria, Napoleon’s second wife, 12 Dec 1791.




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Deaths

Joseph Bara, French revolutionary, 7 Dec 1793.

Michel Ney, 7 Dec 1815.

William Bligh, Royal Naval officer, 7 Dec 1817.

Madame du Barry, Royal mistress, 8 Dec 1793.

Benjamin Constant de Rebecque, Swiss writer and thinker, 8 Dec 1830.

Rowland 'Daddy' Hill, British General, 10 Dec 1842.

William I of the Netherlands, 12 Dec 1843.

Charles-Joseph, 7th Prince of Ligne, 13 Dec 1814.




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Events
Execution of Michel Ney, Luxembourg Gardens, Paris, 7 Dec 1815.

British evacuate Walcheren, 9 Dec 1809.

Treaty of Posen, (Franco-Saxon alliance) 10 Dec 1806.

HMS Victory leaves Portsmouth for the Nore. On the same day Surgeon Beatty begins his autopsy on Nelson's body, 11 Dec 1805.

Surrender of Gerona (Catalonia), 11 Dec 1809.

Treaty of Valencay, between Napoleon and Ferdinand VII of Spain, 11 Dec 1813.

French fleet arrives at Naples and attempts to force Ferdinand IV to recognise the French Republic, 12 Dec 1792.

British expedition arrives at New Orleans, 13 Dec 1814.
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