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The Napoleonic Wars 1792-1815

Napoleonic Calendar

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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 22nd, 2014, 8:20 am

14th-20th December


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Actions and Battles
Wellesley captures Gawilghur, India, 15 Dec 1803.

Capture of Ripoli (Catalonia) by Souham, 15 Dec 1809.

Abortive French expedition to Bantry Bay, 16/30 Dec 1796.

Action at Cardedeu (Catalonia), Gouvion St Cyr defeats Juan de Vives, 16 Dec 1808.

Toulon campaign; The final French assault seizes Fort Mulgrave and Mount Faron; Bonaparte is wounded at Fort Mulgrave, 17 Dec 1793.

Battle of the Mississinewa, (Jalapa, Indiana) 17/18 Dec 1812.

Toulon campaign; An Allied council of war decides to evacuate Toulon, partial scuttling of French fleet by Sir
William Sydney Smith's flotilla, 18 Dec 1793.


Toulon Campaign; Last Allied troops embark. French troops enter Toulon, 19 Dec 1793.


Second siege of Saragossa, Moncey, Junot, Mortier and Lannes besiege the city which is defended by Palafox and St March, 19 Dec 1808.

Siege of Tortosa (Catalonia) by Suchet, 19 Dec 1810.




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Births
Thomas Cochrane, Royal Naval officer, Radical politician, 'The Sea Wolf', 14 Dec 1775.

Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, 14 Dec 1784.

Gebhard von Blucher, 16 Dec 1742.

Ludwig Van Beethoven, German composer, 16 Dec 1770.

John Ordronaux, Privateer of the War of 1812, 16 Dec 1778.

Humphry Davy, British chemist and inventor, 17 Dec 1778.

Joseph Grimaldi, British clown, 18 Dec 1778.




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Deaths
George Washington, 14 Dec 1799.

Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, French chemist, 16 Dec 1809.

Henry Blackwood, captain of HMS Euryalus at Trafalgar, later Rear Admiral, 17 Dec 1832.

Bernardine Eugénie Désirée Clary, once engaged to Napoleon, later Queen of Sweden and Norway, 17 Dec 1860.

Thomas Graham, 1st Baron Lynedoch, 18 Dec 1843.

Thomas Francis Fremantle, British naval officer, 19 Dec 1819.

Sacagawea, American Shoshone explorer, 20 Dec 1812.




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Events
Napoleon appointed First consul, 14 Dec 1799.

Spain declares war on Britain, 14 Dec 1804.

Milan Decree against Britain confirms the 'Continenental System', 17 Dec 1807.

Surrender of the frigate La Lutine by French Royalists to Lord Hood; renamed HMS Lutine, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck, 18 Dec 1793.

Napoleon enters Warsaw, 18 Dec 1806.

HMS Victory is paid off at Portsmouth, 18 Dec 1812.
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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 22nd, 2014, 8:28 am

21st-27th December



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Actions and Battles
British cavalry under Paget defeat French cavalry under Debelle at Sahagun, 21 Dec 1808.

French under Hoche defeat Prussians under Brunswick at Froschwiller, 22 Dec 1793.

Crossing of the Guadarrama by Napoleon, 22 Dec 1808.

Vendean revolt ended by battle of Savernay, 23 Dec 1793.

French under Hoche defeat Austrians under Wurmser at Geisberg, 26 Dec 1793.

French under Lannes fight drawn battle against Russians under Bennigsen at Pultusk, 26 Dec 1806.

Indecisive encounter between French forces under Murat and Russians under Gallitzin at Golymin, 26 Dec 1806.

Siege of Valencia by Suchet, 26 Dec 1811.




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Births
Frederick Augustus I of Saxony, 23 Dec 1750.

Alexander I of Russia, 23 Dec 1777.

Jean-François Champollion, French Egyptologist, 23 Dec 1790

Claude Chappe, French telecommunications pioneer, 25 Dec 1763.


Prince Frederick Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 26 Dec 1737.

Marie Julie Clary, Wife of Joseph Bonaparte, 26 Dec 1771.

Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, Russian general, 27 Dec 1761.




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Deaths

Philibert Serurier, French Marshal, 21 Dec 1818.

Jean-Victor Poncelet, French engineer and Mathematican, 22 Dec 1867.

Henry Clinton, British general, 23 Dec 1795.

Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent, French naturalist, 23 Dec 1846.

Dominique Perignon, French Marshal, 25 Dec 1818.




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Events
Toulon campaign; Napoleon Bonaparte recommended for promotion to Brigadier General by representives, 22 Dec 1793.

Mungo Park the Selkirk explorer returns to Scotland after two and a half years in Africa. (He discovered the Niger River on 20 July 1796), 22 Dec 1797.

The Neapolitan Royal family and the Hamiltons take passage on Nelson's ships for Palermo, 23/26 Dec 1798.

Nelson's body is transferred to the yacht 'Chatham' and taken to Greenwich and then to the Painted Hall for three days lying in state, 23 Dec 1805.

Napoleon begins military preparations against Russia, 23 Dec 1811.

Assassination attempt on Napoleon, when a bomb exploded on the Rue Saint-Nicaise, whilst on his way to see Haydn's opening night of 'Creation', 24 Dec 1800.

General Sir John Moore begins retreat to Corunna, 24 Dec 1808.

Treaty of Ghent brings peace between Britain and USA, 24 Dec 1814.

Treaty of Pressburg between France and Austria, 26 Dec 1805.
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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 23rd, 2014, 8:07 am

28th December-3rd January


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Actions and Battles
British defeat French at Benevente (Leon), Lefebvre-Desnouettes is taken prisoner, 29 Dec 1808.

Action at Mancilla (Leon) Bessieres defeats de la Romana, 29 Dec 1808.

Action at Merida (Estremadura) Hill repulses Drouet d'Erlon, 29 Dec 1811.

Siege of Tarifa (Andalusia) Failure of Leval against Skerret and Copons, 29 Dec 1811.

Action between USS Constitution and HMS Java off the coast of Brazil, resulting in a US Victory, 29 Dec 1812.

British soldiers burn Buffalo, New York, 30 Dec 1813.

Caribbean island of Curacao captured by Captain Brisbane with HMS Anson and Arethusa, 1 Jan 1807.

Action at Sespina (Catalonia), Souham defeats O'Donnell, 1 Jan 1810.

The first shots in the long French wars were fired at HMS Childers from the batteries at Brest, even before war was declared, 3 Jan 1793.

Action at Cacabelos (Galicia). During a skirmish with Moore, Colbert is killed by Rifleman Plunkett, 3 Jan 1809.

Action at Mollet (Catalonia) Marquis of Campo Verde defeats Colonel Guery, 3 Jan 1810.




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Births

Henry Blackwood, captain of HMS Euryalus, a 36 gun frigate at Trafalgar, later Rear Admiral, 28 Dec 1770.
Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician, 28 Dec 1778.

Dorothea Lieven, Russian noblewoman, 30 Dec 1785.

Pierre-Charles-Jean-Baptiste-Silvestre de Villeneuve, French Admiral, 31 Dec 1763.


Georges Cadoudal, French Politician, leader of the Chouannerie during the French Revolution, Royalist conspirator , 1 Jan 1771.



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Deaths
Josiah Wedgewood, Master potter and creator of a huge Business empire, 3 Jan 1795.

Jean Joseph Amable Humbert , French general, 3 Jan 1823.

Louis Gabriel Suchet, 3 Jan 1826.



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Events
Convention of Tauroggen between Russia and Prussia, 30 Dec 1812.

The treaty of Basseino is signed by Wellesley and the Peshwa; the nominal head of the Mahrattas. The alliance led to war with Sindhia and Bhoslee and eventually to Wellelsley's recall from India, 31 Dec 1802.

Act of union between Britain and Ireland, 1 Jan 1801.

Napoleon abolishes the French Republican calendar, 1 Jan 1806.
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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 23rd, 2014, 8:13 am

4th - 10th January


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Actions and Battles

Desperate five hour night-time combat off Guadeloupe saw HMS Blanche 32, finally take French Pique 36 at the cost of the life of Captain Faulknor , 5 Jan 1795.

Commodore Hood in HMS Centaur captures the strategic island of Diamond Rock off Martinique, 7 Jan 1804.

British forces under Baird and Sir Home Riggs capture Capetown, 8 Jan 1806.

British forces under Pakenham defeated by US forces under Jackson at New Orleans, 8 Jan 1815.

Action at Lugo (Galicia) Soult engages Moore, 9 Jan 1809.

Capture of Fort St. Philip (Catalonia) by Suchet, 9 Jan 1811.

French under Suchet defeat Spanish under Blake at Valencia, 9 Jan 1812.




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Births
Claude Martin, French then British General, 4 Jan 1735.

Jacob Grimm, German philologist and folklorist, 4 Jan 1785.

Stephen Decatur, American naval officer, 5 Jan 1779.

Joseph Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleon, King of Spain, 7 Jan 1768.

Michel Ney, French marshal, 10 Jan 1769.




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Deaths

King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies, 4 Jan 1825.

Samuel Huntington, US statesman, 5 Jan 1796.

Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Austrian field marshal, 5 Jan 1858.

Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general , 6 Jan 1813.


Edward Pakenham, British general, 8 Jan 1815.

William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician, 8 Jan 1854.

Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal, 10 Jan 1851.




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Events
The Spanish Admiral Gravina promises Decres of the French Navy, 30 Ships for the war effort against Britain, 4 Jan 1805.

British 'orders in council' respond to Berlin Decrees, 7 Jan 1807.

Treaty of Jassy, between Russia and Turkey, thus ending the war of 1787-92, 9 Jan 1792.

Admiral Lord Nelson receives a State funeral and is interred in St. Paul's Cathedral, 9 Jan 1806.


The marriage of Napoleon and Josephine is annulled, 10 Jan 1810.
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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 24th, 2014, 8:15 am


11th - 17th January



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Actions and Battles
Captain Sir Edward Pellew (HMS Indefatigable) defeats the French ship Droits de L'Homme off Ushant. The French ship runs aground with terrible loss of life, 13 Jan 1797.

Action at Ucles (Galicia) Victor defeats Venegas, 13 Jan 1809.

Action at Tarrega (Catalonia) Henriot defeats Campo Verde, 13 Jan 1811.

Bonaparte defeats Alvintzy at Rivoli, 14 Jan 1797.

Action at Valls (Catalonia) Campo Verde defeats Palombini, 15 Jan 1811.

American frigate USS President (44) defeated by HMS Endymion (40) within sight of Long Island, New York, 15 Jan 1815.

Moore defeats Soult at Corunna, 16 Jan 1809.

Evacution of Moore's Army from Corunna, 17 Jan 1809.

USS Viper taken by HMS Narcissus off Havana, 17 Jan 1813.



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Births
Samuel Bentham, English mechanical engineer, 11 Jan 1757.

Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies, 12 Jan 1751.

Mikhail Speransky, Russian reformer, 12 Jan 1772.

Elisa Bonaparte, younger sister of Napoleon, 13 Jan 1777.

King Stanislaw II August Poniatowski of Poland, 17 Jan 1732.



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Deaths
William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, British politician and Prime Minister 1806 to 1807 as head of the Ministry of all the Talents, 12 Jan 1834.

Emma Hamilton, 15 Jan 1815.

Sir John Moore, British General, 16 Jan 1809.




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Events
Daring escape of HMS Juno, commanded by Captain Sam Hood, from Toulon Harbour, 11 Jan 1794.

Lamourette, Bishop of Lyons since 1791, is tried and guillotined. He had been taken prisoner by Republican troops on 29 Sept 1793 during the siege of Lyons, 11 Jan 1794.

The British Admiralty, by order in council is directed to institute an inquiry into the working of each department against corruption, 12 Jan 1792.

Lord Nelson finally separates from Lady Nelson, 13 Jan 1801.

Vizier Ali assassinates Mr Cherry, Captain Conway and others at Benares, India, 14 Jan 1799.

Treaty of Kiel between Sweden and Norway/Denmark, 14 Jan 1814.

Treaty of Treviso between France and Austria, 15 Jan 1801.

361 votes....a majority are cast for the death of King Louis XVI, against 360 for banishment, imprisonment or death with respite, 16 Jan 1793.

Maltese patriot Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with a number of other patriots, is executed. 17 Jan 1799.
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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 24th, 2014, 8:20 am

18th - 24th January


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Actions and Battles
Action at Rio Mayor (Portugal) Junot engages Anglo-Portuguese, 19 Jan 1811.

Wellington captures Ciudad Rodrigo, 19 Jan 1812.

Capture of Ferrol (Galicia) by Soult, 21 Jan 1809.

Crossing of the Sierra Morena (La Mancha) Joseph defeats Areizaga, 21 Jan 1810.

Action at Villanuova de Castilleros (Estremadura) Gazan defeats Ballesteros, 21 Jan 1811.

Capture of Olivenza (Estremadura) by Soult, 22 Jan 1811.

Battle of Frenchtown, also known as the River Raisin massacre, British forces under Procter defeat US forces under Harrison/Winchester, 22 Jan 1813.

French cavalry captures the Dutch fleet at Den Helder, 23 Jan 1795.




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Births
James Watt, British inventor, 19 Jan 1736.

Joseph Hormayr Freiherr zu Hortenburg, Austrian politician, 20 Jan 1781.

George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (Lord Byron), British poet, 22 Jan 1788.

Marie-Henri Beyle (Stendhal) French writer, 23 Jan 1783.

Charles James Fox, British politician, 24 Jan 1749.

Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general, 24 Jan 1763.



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Deaths
King Charles IV of Spain, 20 Jan 1819.

Christian VIII of Denmark , 20 Jan 1848.

King Louis XVI of France, 21 Jan 1793.

Claude Chappe, French telecommunications pioneer, 23 Jan 1805.

William Pitt, Prime Minister of Great Britain, 23 Jan 1806.


Robert Craufurd (Black Bob), British general, 23 Jan 1812.

Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral, 23 Jan 1833.




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Events

Batavian republic proclaimed in the Netherlands, 19 Jan 1795.

Execution of Louis XVI of France at Place de la Revolution, Paris, 21 Jan 1793.


Convention of El Arish between French and Anglo-Ottomans in Egypt. War resumed after its repudiation, 21 Jan 1800.

Napoleon leaves Spain for Paris, 24 Jan 1809.
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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 25th, 2014, 8:37 am

25th - 31st January


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Actions and Battles
Action at Mohrungen (East Prussia) Bernadotte defeats a Russian force under Markov, 25 Jan 1807.

Siege of Badajoz (Estremadura) by Soult and Mortier. (The town which is defended by Menacho falls on the 11 March), 27 Jan 1811.

Action at Alcala la Real (Andalusia) Sebastiani defeats Areizaga, 28 Jan 1810.

Napoleon defeats Blucher at Brienne, 29 Jan 1814.




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Births
Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, French marshal, later King of Sweden, 26 Jan 1763.

Horatia Nelson, daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson, 29 Jan 1801.




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Deaths
Edward Jenner, British physician, 26 Jan 1823.

Théodore Géricault, French painter, 26 Jan 1824.


Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, British admiral, 27 Jan 1816.

Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general, 28 Jan 1832.

King George III of the United Kingdom, 29 Jan 1820.

Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras, French politician, 29 Jan 1829.

Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general, 31 Jan 1844.




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Events
The London Corresponding Society is founded, 25 Jan 1792.

Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia, 26 Jan 1808.

Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom, 28 Jan 1813.

The first purpose built lifeboat is launched on the River Tyne, 30 Jan 1790.
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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » January 31st, 2014, 8:21 am

1st - 7th February


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Actions and Battles
Soult captures Seville, 1 Feb 1810.

Blucher defeats Napoleon at La Rothiere, 1 Feb 1814.

British forces under Sir Samuel Auchmuty capture Montevideo, 3 Feb 1807.

British capture Guadeloupe, 4 Feb 1810.

Capture of Peniscola (Valencia) By Severoli, under Suchet, 4 Feb 1812.

British forces capture Ceylon, 5 Feb 1796.

Action at Malaga (Andalusia) Sebastiani defeats the Spanish, 5 Feb 1810.

French under Victor besiege Cadiz, 5 Feb 1810. (It was to last two years until 9 Feb 1812).

Admiral Duckworth defeats Laissaque's French squadron off Santo Domingo, 6 Feb 1806.




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Births
Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, French diplomat and statesman, 2 Feb 1754.

Ludwig von Wallmoden-Gimborn, Austrian general, 6 Feb 1769.

Ugo Foscolo, Italian writer, revolutionary and poet, 6 Feb 1778.




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Deaths
Pasquale Paoli, Corsican patriot and military leader, 5 Feb 1807.

John Reid, British army general and composer, 6 Feb 1807.

King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden, 7 Feb 1837.



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Events
France declares war on Great Britain and United Provinces, 1 Feb 1793.

King George III orders Naval Academy at Portsmouth to be Royal Naval College, 1 Feb 1806.

Mantua surrenders to the French, 2 Feb 1797.

The first Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland assembles, 3 Feb 1801.

William Pitt resigns as Prime Minister after 17 years in office, having fallen out with George III over concessions to Roman Catholics, 3 Feb 1801.
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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby FBC-Elvas, Portugal » January 31st, 2014, 8:48 am

There's always interesting data in your lists PC. Thanks for keeping us informed.

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Re: Napoleonic Calendar

Postby post captain » February 5th, 2014, 4:35 pm

8th - 14th February


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Actions and Battles
Battle of Eylau, Napoleon defeats Russians under Bennigsen, 8 Feb 1807.

Boats of HMS Belvidera penetrated Chesapeake Bay to seize American vessel Lottery, 8th Feb 1813.

Battle of the Mincio river, French forces under Eugene de Beauharnais engages Austrian forces under Von Bellegarde, 8 Feb 1814.

Duhesme enters Catalonia, 9 Feb 1808.

Capture of Zafra (Estremadura) by Mortier, 9 Feb 1810.

Napoleon defeats Allies at Champaubert, 10 Feb 1814.

Napoleon defeats Allies at Montmirail, 11 Feb 1814.

HMS Active and Cerberus in a single orgy of destruction destroyed or captured 11 Venetian vessels and 2 military storehouses at Ortona, Italy, 12th Feb 1811.

Napoleon defeats Allies at Chateau-Thierry, 12 Feb 1814.

Admiral Jervis defeats Spanish fleet under Cordova at the battle of Cape St Vincent, 14 Feb 1797.

Napoleon defeats Allies at Vauchamps, 14 Feb 1814.




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Births

Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy, Russian painter, 10 Feb 1783.

Claude-Louis Navier, French physicist, 10 Feb 1785.

Hans Järta, Swedish political activist, 11 Feb 1774.

Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, 12 Feb 1768.

Adolphe-Edouard Mortier, French Marshal, 13 Feb 1768.



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Deaths
Immanuel Kant, philosopher, 12 Feb 1804

Edward Berry, British naval officer, 13 Feb 1831.


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Events
The French explorer La Perouse who left Botany Bay on 15 March 1788 on the last leg of a circumnavigation expedition, is pronounced lost. His ships L'Astrolabe and La Boussole are believed to have sunk in the Pacific, 14 Feb 1791.

Napoleon sets out to inspect the coast for the best points to embark his forces for the invasion of Great Britain by his Armee d'Angleterre. (He presents his plans to the Directory on 12 June 1798), 8 Feb 1798.

Peace of Luneville, between France and Austria, 9 Feb 1801.

Robert Fulton files a patent for improvements to steamboat navigation, 11 Feb 1809.
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