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Bayonne - the final act of the Peninsular War

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Bayonne - the final act of the Peninsular War

Postby FBC-Elvas, Portugal » June 14th, 2013, 5:27 am

Napoleon had already abdicated in April 1814 when the French garrison at Bayonne, not believing the news, broke through the British barricade - killing and being killed.

There are two British cemeteries on the north bank of the Adour River near the Citadel, still in use by the French military. Both are Guards cemeteries and signposted. The one in the woods is located where the Guards' camp was, a short walk from the end of the Rue de Barrat.
Cemiterio 2 site of Br. Camp enclosed 1876.JPG
British Cemetery at site of Guard's camp
Cemiterio 2 site of Br. Camp enclosed 1876.JPG (122.86 KiB) Viewed 1234 times


There many of the tombstones are legible through the railing. Both cemeteries are locked.
Cemiterio 2 Capt White & Schiffer.JPG
Tombstone of 1st Guards Captains White and Schiffer
Cemiterio 2 Capt White & Schiffer.JPG (83.27 KiB) Viewed 1234 times


There are stones with flat tops in the other cemetery, off the Chemin de Laborde. From outside the locked railing, it's impossible to read the inscriptions or even tell if there are any.
Cemiterio 1.JPG
British Cemetery off the Chemin de Laborde
Cemiterio 1.JPG (77.58 KiB) Viewed 1234 times


Plaques around the wall below the railing commemorate the visits of Queen Victoria on th 75th anniversary and King Edward VII on the 85th anniversary.
Cemiterio 1 Victoria's vist 1889.jpg
75th anniversary visit by Queen Victoria
Cemiterio 1 Victoria's vist 1889.jpg (98.07 KiB) Viewed 1234 times
Cemiterio 1  Edward VII visit 1909.JPG
85th anniversary visit by King Edward VII
Cemiterio 1 Edward VII visit 1909.JPG (103.75 KiB) Viewed 1234 times


They are both Guards cemeteries and a large plaque in the large cemetery lists those who are buried in the smaller cemetery in the woods.
Cemeterio 1 Coldstream Guards stone.JPG
Coldstream Guards plaque
Cemeterio 1 Coldstream Guards stone.JPG (107.67 KiB) Viewed 1234 times


Albert Schweitzer once said War graves are the great preachers of peace and their significance as such will continue to grow. I hope the larger of the two cemeteries will be cared for again by April 2014.

Sarah
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Re: Bayonne - the final act of the Peninsular War

Postby OXFORDMON » June 14th, 2013, 3:13 pm

Thanks for posting these pictures Sarah, I must say I am rather shocked at the condition they are in now :shock:

I did get into the Coldstream cemetery on my last visit, the names I recorded were:

Lt Col Henry Sullivan
Lt Col W G Collier
Capt Crofton
Capt Burroughs
Ensign Vachell
Ensign Pitt all Coldstream Guards

Ensign Vane 1st Foot Guards

Capt White
Capt Shiffner
Lieut Holbourne all 3rd Foot Guards

Lieut Hamilton 60th Foot

Serg Yuill 1st Foot Guards

The smaller cemetery was apparently maintained by the sister of Lieut Holbourne for many years.

Andy
"Thus the war terminated, and with it all remembrance of the veteran's services" Gen W F P Napier.
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Re: Bayonne - the final act of the Peninsular War

Postby FBC-Elvas, Portugal » June 18th, 2013, 9:03 pm

Capt. Holborne's sister was very much involved with the two British cemeteries in Bayonne.
Cemitario 1 Holbourne.jpg
Cemitario 1 Holbourne.jpg (107.43 KiB) Viewed 1198 times
This one above is in the larger cemetery and the one below is in the smaller one.
Cemiterio 2 Obelisk 1.jpg
Cemiterio 2 Obelisk 1.jpg (111.1 KiB) Viewed 1198 times

Capt Francis R.T. Holborne 3rd Regiment Guards was severely wounded while leading his men against the sortie made by the French from Bayonne 14 April 1814. He died 23 April 1814 and is buried in the smaller cemetery, in the woods.
Cemiterio 2 Holbourne stone.jpg
Cemiterio 2 Holbourne stone.jpg (122.77 KiB) Viewed 1198 times


Capt. Mahon is buried with him there.
Cemiterio 2 Capt. Mahon.jpg
Cemiterio 2 Capt. Mahon.jpg (111.46 KiB) Viewed 1198 times


Capt. Yuilly is in the other cemetery.
Cemiterio 1 William Yuilly.JPG
Cemiterio 1 William Yuilly.JPG (4.03 MiB) Viewed 1198 times


The Royal Scots also have a stone in the larger cemetery.
Cemiterio 1 Royal Scots.jpg
Cemiterio 1 Royal Scots.jpg (116.87 KiB) Viewed 1198 times


Sarah
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Re: Bayonne - the final act of the Peninsular War

Postby Sally » October 28th, 2016, 4:49 pm

Is it possible to gain entry to the cemeteries? Also the Church of St Etienne's?

Does anyone know who the keyholder is?
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Re: Bayonne - the final act of the Peninsular War

Postby FBC-Elvas, Portugal » October 28th, 2016, 5:28 pm

A warm welcome to the forum Sally.

No, neither cemetery [Third Foot Guards and the Coldstream Guards] pictured in the posts above is open to the public and it's a good question who has either of the keys. The church is undoubtedly open for Sunday mass. There is probably a sign on the door what time that would be. You could ask the priest about gaining entrance to the cemetery. It's no longer used so the priest may not know. There is a Bayonne historical group that was very helpful when we were there in 2014.

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Re: Bayonne - the final act of the Peninsular War

Postby Sally » October 28th, 2016, 5:35 pm

Thank you Sarah, do you have a link to the Bayonne Historical Society?

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Re: Bayonne - the final act of the Peninsular War

Postby FBC-Elvas, Portugal » October 28th, 2016, 5:55 pm

No, I don't Sally. Someone in the British military organized the ceremony and our visit there. You might ask at the Bayonne tourist office. Good luck.

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Re: Bayonne - the final act of the Peninsular War

Postby Sally » October 28th, 2016, 5:58 pm

Thanks.
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